現代シカゴ学区における学力向上政策と学校改善計画 : 分散型リーダーシップの理論と「実践」(IV 投稿論文) The Policy for Successful Academic Achievement and the Plan for School Improvement in Chicago Public Schools : Dynamism of the Theory and Practice of Distributed Leadership(IV Research Papers)
This paper focuses on the policy for successful academic achievement and the plan for school improvement in Chicago Public Schools, in order to clarify the significance of school autonomy and teachers' leadership practice in school. Distributed leadership-the theoretical approach to improve educational practice and to constitute education governance from the bottom-is the key to reach this goal. In Chicago under the integrated governance, the mayor wields enormous power to control school improvement, reconstructing schools or firing personnel. That is less concerned of educational and pedagogical ideas by educational professions. The district office has recently supported school improvement planning, but it has not been enough yet. At school, teachers collaborate with principal and colleagues to make school improvement plan, based on their research on any stakeholders and legitimacy of its local school council, the governing body. In conclusion, to advance academic achievement in an entire district, it is significant to build up a reciprocal system to support and enrich such a school governance system, based on distributed leadership. It is important for the school district to provide support that schools need for their improvement planning, based on a reciprocal relationship among them.
日本教育政策学会年報 15(0), 153-166, 2008