日本近代化の問題点を露わにした東電福島原発震災(<特集1>福島原発震災と地域社会)  [in Japanese] The Earthquake and Tepco's Fukushima Nuclear Power Accident Have Revealed Problems with Japan's Modernization  [in Japanese]

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Abstract

田中正造が亡くなる直前の日記に書いた「物質上,人工人為の進歩のみを以てせバ社会は暗黒なり。デンキ開ケテ,世見暗夜となれり」は,東京電力福島第一原発事故の本質をえぐり出している。日露戦争にかろうじて勝利して本格的な電化の時代を迎えたとき,田中は文明の象徴としての電気を使いこなせる哲学があるのかときびしく問い,足尾銅山の急速な近代化がもたらした深刻な鉱毒被害を踏まえて,「知」の偏重に対して自然や生命の視点から技術をコントロールする「徳」の重要性を強調したのである。3・11東日本大震災とともに起こった未曾有の原発事故は田中の警告を現代に甦らせた。事故から1年8ヵ月が経った今も事故は収束せず,不安定な状態にある。16万人に及ぶ人びとが不便な避難生活を強いられ,また福島県の広範な地域の放射能汚染は憂慮すべき状況にあり,子どもたちの将来が心配されている。雇用や損害賠償,医療や移住,労働者の被曝,汚染土壌の処理など未解決の問題が山積し,来電福島原発事故は足尾,水俣に続く重大な公害事件となった。

"The Progress of material, artificial civilization casts society into darkness. Electricity is discovered and the world is darkened." Shozo Tanaka wrote this in his diary just before his death. This entry cuts to the essence of Tepco's Fukushima Daiichi nuclear power accident. When Japan eked out a victory in the Russo-Japanese War and began to electrify society in earnest, Tanaka asked if there exists a philosophy that uses electricity as a symbol of civilization. In the face of serious mineral poisoning brought on by the rapid modernization of the Ashio Copper Mine, he stressed the importance of morality to control technology from the perspective of nature and life as opposed to overreliance on knowledge. The unprecedented nuclear power accident that occurred along with the March 11 Great East Japan Earthquake has infused Tanaka's warnings with new relevance. Crisis and uncertainty remain today twenty months on. Over 160,000 people are forced to live as refugees. Radioactive contamination of vast swaths of Fukushima Prefecture should cause alarm and has caused anxiety for our children's future. A mountain of unresolved problems remain, including employment, compensation claims, health care, migration, radiation exposure to workers, and disposing of contaminated soil, making Tepco's Fukushima nuclear power accident the gravest pollution disaster since the Ashio Copper Mine Incident and the Minamata mercury spill.

Journal

  • Social Policy and Labor Studies

    Social Policy and Labor Studies 4(3), 51-63, 2013

    Japan Association for Social Policy Studies

Codes

  • NII Article ID (NAID)
    110009688481
  • Text Lang
    JPN
  • ISSN
    1883-1850
  • Data Source
    NII-ELS  J-STAGE 
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