放送による教育の研究の分析と考察(<特集論文>教育メディア研究)  [in Japanese] Analysis and Consideration of Approaches to Education through Broadcasting(<Special Articles>Problems in Educational Media Study)  [in Japanese]

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Abstract

現在までのテレビとビデオによる教育の効果研究を(1)〜(9)に示す9つに分類し、いくつかの研究の内容を分析した。次いで、これらの教材の効果研究に関して、現実の放送教育に応用可能か否かの視点で考察した。(1)映像に対する人間の生理的反応による研究、(2)映像に対する人間の主観的反応による研究、(3)教育テレビ番組の構造の研究、(4)シリーズ番組の効果研究、(5)テレビ番組等を取り入れた授業の研究、(6)教材ソフトの搬送システムの研究、(7)教育番組生産システムの研究、(8)教育テレビの利用システムの研究、(9)教育放送の総合的研究。このように分析した上で考察した結果、放送教育を推進するためには、(6)、(7)、(8)、(9)の研究を更に充実しなければならないと考える。

Many new types of audiovisual educational equipment became available for use in schools during the 1980's, including video recorders, video cameras, laser discs, and personal computers. The most prominent of the new instruments that had an effect on TV education was the video recorder, which enabled teachers to record TV programs in advance for use in classroom teaching. Video recorders also contributed to the dissemination of educational video materials. According to a fiscal 1992 survey conducted by the NHK Broadcasting Culture Research Institute, most TV programs for junior and senior high schools are now used for classroom teaching in the form of recorded tapes. The survey also made it clear that the usage rate of educational video materials sold in stores has exceeded that of TV programs for schools. In this changing media situation, media researchers are discussing whether education through packaged video materials is different from education through TV programs. To study the educational effects produced by TV and packaged video materials, I have classified studies on the effects of educational TV conducted since 1950 into nine categories and analyzed their results accordingly. Consideration was also given as to whether the results of this survey have practical application in educational broadcasting. The nine categories are as follows: 1. Studies on the effects of educational TV programs using measurement of human physiological reactions to viewing activities. 2. Studies on the effectiveness of various visual techniques through examination of private reactions to viewing activities. 3. Studies on how the structure of a single TV program can enhance its educational effects. 4. Studies on the educational effects of a TV program series. 5. Studies on classroom teaching using a single TV program, and/or tape recorded video material. 6. Studies on the distribution of educational software. 7. Studies on the production system of educational TV programs. 8. Studies on communications between the users of educational TV programs, TV stations, teachers' groups and researchers, with reference to how educational TV programs should be used. 9. Studies on educational broadcasting which integrates the educational and broadcasting systems. On the basis of the survey, the author have drawn the conclusion that it is difficult to regard the Studies 1,2,3,4, and 5 as applied studies on education through television, and that, in order to promote education through broadcasting, it is essential to further investigate the Studies 6,7,8, and 9.

Journal

  • Japnese Journal of Educational Media Research

    Japnese Journal of Educational Media Research 1(1), 24-37, 1995

    Japan Association for Educational Media Study

Codes

  • NII Article ID (NAID)
    110009691060
  • NII NACSIS-CAT ID (NCID)
    AA11144471
  • Text Lang
    JPN
  • ISSN
    1340-9352
  • NDL Article ID
    3300893
  • NDL Source Classification
    ZF1(教育)
  • NDL Call No.
    Z7-B545
  • Data Source
    NDL  NII-ELS  J-STAGE 
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