映像視聴能力の発達的研究 : 映画「裸の島」を素材として  [in Japanese] A Study on the Develpment of Visual Literacy : Using the film "The Island" as stimulus material  [in Japanese]

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Abstract

本研究では映像視聴能力の発達差を明らかにするために小学生5、6年生、中学校1、2年生、そして大学生を対象とした質問紙調査を計画・実施した。まず、映像視聴能力の構造を再考し、これに場面把握、状況把握、先読み、技法理解、主題把握、感情移入の6つの柱を設定した。次いで、この能力を厳密に測定するために、セリフのない映画『裸の島』を調査用刺激に選定した。そして、この映画の内容等に関する8つの問題を設定して質問紙を構成し、調査をおこなった。515名の回答を分析した結果、多くの映像視聴能力の構成要素について小学校5年生と小学校6年生の間に断層がみられること、技法理解や先読みについては中学校2年生と大学生の間の能力差も激しいことなどの映像視聴能力の発達的側面を明らかにすることができた。

In this research, the authors designed and conducted a questionnaire survey to clarify the developmental aspects of visual literacy. The subjects were from fifth grade to eighth, as well as college students. The procedure was as follows. 1) Reconsideration of what constitutes of visual literacy. The authors defined this "literacy" as having six elements : understanding of the situation of a scene, the ability to guess what the characters of a scene think or feel, predicting the evolvement of the visuals, and plunging oneself into the world created by the work. 2) Selection of the visual material used for the survey to accurately measure these abilities. The authors chose the film named "The Island" as our research material. It is a film that has no verbal information such as dialogue or narration. The selection of the film is a very critical part in this survey as we sought to measure visual literacy itself free from the influence of verbal information. 3) Design of the questionnaire and conduct of the survey. The authors designed the questionnaire based on the film content. Using the film as a basis for their responses, subjects were required to complete the survey. Analysis of the data collated from the responses of 515 subjects suggests some developmental improvement of visual literacy from grade five to college level. The main findings are as follows. 1) In regards to the five elements of visual literacy, a significant statistical gap exists between fifth and sixth graders. 2) For two out of the five elements mentioned above, the statistical results of college students were significantly different from those of other students.

Journal

  • Japnese Journal of Educational Media Research

    Japnese Journal of Educational Media Research 2(2), 1-14, 1996

    Japan Association for Educational Media Study

Codes

  • NII Article ID (NAID)
    110009691075
  • Text Lang
    JPN
  • ISSN
    1340-9352
  • Data Source
    NII-ELS  J-STAGE 
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