インターネットを用いた協同学習における匿名性の影響 : 環境ランキングプログラムを例にして  [in Japanese] Some Effects of Anonymity Circumstance on Collaborative Learning Using the Internet : The Case of "Environment Ranking Program"  [in Japanese]

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Abstract

本研究では、インターネット上での環境ランキングプログラム(ゴミ問題)を事例にして、協同学習における匿名性の影響を実証的に検討した。まず、94件のランキング結果を匿名群・中間群・実名群に分けて分析した。さらに、15名を対象にして匿名記述と実名記述の比較実験を行った。その結果、以下の3点が明らかになった。1)匿名群・匿名記述群は、「全体ランキングの理由」の平均文字数が有意に少なかった。2)ランキング結果から、匿名群は自分たちの負担を避けてゴミ問題を他人事のように処理しようとする傾向が見られた。3)アンケート結果から、匿名記述群は「真剣に考えられた」、「自分の問題として受けとめやすかった」、「交流する相手が身近に感じられる」などの平均得点が有意に低かった。以上の結果から、匿名性が発言者としての自覚を希薄にし、ゴミ問題を自分の問題として受けとめにくくしていることが示唆された。

The purpose of the study was to specify the influence of anonymity circumstance on collaborative learning using the Internet. For this purpose, on one hand, 94 "Environment Ranking" protocols, with ("Voluntary Anonymity Condition") or without the ranker's real name, were selected from the record of "Environment Ranking Program". On the other hand, an experiment was conducted, in which each subject's ranking behavior was observed under both conditions of their real name being compulsorily withheld ("Compulsory Anonymity Condition") and compulsorily disclosed. The results were as follows: 1) Under "Voluntary Anonymity Condition" and "Compulsory Anonymity Condition", the average number of characters of "reason for a whole ranking" were significantly lower. 2) Under "Voluntary Anonymity Condition", the tendency to avoid their load and to try not to see garbage problem as their own problem were seen from the ranking results. 3) Under "Compulsory Anonymity Condition", the questionnaire results of "It was seriously thought of", "It was easy to receive as own problem" and "It feels like there's an interchanging companion near" were significantly lower. These results suggest that anonymity may make learners feel less self-awareness as message-senders and obstruct to receive garbage problem as their own problem.

Journal

  • Japnese Journal of Educational Media Research

    Japnese Journal of Educational Media Research 6(1), 1-11, 1999

    Japan Association for Educational Media Study

Codes

  • NII Article ID (NAID)
    110009691124
  • NII NACSIS-CAT ID (NCID)
    AA11144471
  • Text Lang
    JPN
  • ISSN
    1340-9352
  • NDL Article ID
    5437700
  • NDL Source Classification
    ZF1(教育)
  • NDL Call No.
    Z7-B545
  • Data Source
    NDL  NII-ELS  J-STAGE 
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