テレビ暴力番組接触における第三者効果に関する実証的研究  [in Japanese] Empirical Study on the Third-Person Effect by Exposure to Television Violence  [in Japanese]

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Abstract

本研究は、笑い中心型暴力番組接触の影響は自分より他人が大きいとする第三者効果を実証的に明らかにすることであった。そこで、次の仮説が設定された。仮説1:笑い中心型暴力番組の影響は自分よりも他人の方が大きいと認知する。仮説2:笑い中心型暴力番組の第三者効果において、他人の影響は、接触と関連する。この仮説を検証するために、大学1年生423名を調査対象として、笑い中心型暴力番組11番組について、自分自身と他人(一般人)の影響と接触の推測が測定された。被調査者は自分自身への影響の大きさで3群に分けられた。分析結果より、影響小群のみが仮説1、2を支持した。影響小群では、自分自身の番組接触が他人よりも大きいにもかかわらず、自分自身への影響は他人よりも小さいことが明らかにされた。

The purpose of this study was to examine empirically the third-person effect on individuals' perceptions of the influence of the television violence, in particular programs where violence is accompanied by laughter. The following hypotheses were set: Hypothesis 1: Individuals will perceive the influence of violence television programs as having a greater effect on other people than on themselves. Hypothesis 2: The third person perception (i.e., thinking that others as more affected) is related to the degree of exposure to those kinds of programs. To test these hypotheses, responses from 423 first-year undergraduate students were collected. The students assessed the extent to which they were influenced and were exposed of 11 comedy-type programs with a violent character. Subsequently, they gave an assessment of the extent to which they thought other people are affected and exposed to the programs. The students were divided into 3 groups (low, middle, high) by the degree to which they felt influenced by the programs. Analysis of the results shows that only the low influence group supports hypothesis 1 and 2. This group, in spite of regarding themselves to be more exposed to violent programs than others, perceived themselves to be less influenced by the programs than other people.

Journal

  • Japnese Journal of Educational Media Research

    Japnese Journal of Educational Media Research 6(1), 20-24, 1999

    Japan Association for Educational Media Study

Codes

  • NII Article ID (NAID)
    110009691126
  • NII NACSIS-CAT ID (NCID)
    AA11144471
  • Text Lang
    JPN
  • ISSN
    1340-9352
  • NDL Article ID
    5437738
  • NDL Source Classification
    ZF1(教育)
  • NDL Call No.
    Z7-B545
  • Data Source
    NDL  NII-ELS  J-STAGE 
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