近世下総地方における「唐籾」栽培の実態  [in Japanese] Actual Circumstances of Tomomi Rice Cultivation in the Shimousa District during the Edo Period : Primarily Focusing on the Analysis of Factors Accounting for Direct Toumomi Rice Seeding in Submerged Paddies  [in Japanese]

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Author(s)

Abstract

(1) During the Edo period, a rice plant of the Indica-type known as Tomomi rice was being directly seeded into some of the submerged fields in the Shimousa district. (2)The process of direct seeding in submerged paddies was known at the time as "Tumita." (3) Although referred to as Taito-tuchi, the soil of the paddy fields in which Tomomi rice was cultivated was peat soil. (4) The submerged fields composed of peat soil were subject to considerably deoxidized conditions. (5) The cultivation of Japonica-type paddies in Taito-tuchi paddy fields was considerably inhibited. However, Toumomi rice was characterized by the ability to grow even under deoxidized conditions. (6) Generally speaking, while the roots of paddy rice plants grow in all directions when cultivation is conducted by the setting of seedlings, they spread out at the surface when cultivation is conducted by direct seeding. The method of direct seeding in submerged paddies was a type of cultivation that took advantage of the special cultivation property marked by the spreading of roots over an oxidized surface. (7) Based thereon, it can be said that the type of cultivation involving direct seeding in submerged paddies was suitable for generating the large quantities of Tomomi rice by tillers. (8) The cultivation of Tomomi rice by direct seeding was a rational cultivation method conforming to the conditions to be found in unfavorable locations. (9) Consistent with what the above findings indicate, the approaches to the cultivation of paddy rice in the Shimousa district during the Edo period differed in accordance with the conditions of location as can be seen by noting that Tomomi rice was cultivated by direct seeding in Taito-tuchi paddy fields, whereas rice plants of the Japonica-type were cultivated by the setting of seedlings in paddy fields possessing slightly more favorable conditions

Journal

  • The Journal of Agricultural History

    The Journal of Agricultural History 37(0), 55-65, 2003

    The Agricultural History Society of Japan

Cited by:  1

Codes

  • NII Article ID (NAID)
    110009721051
  • NII NACSIS-CAT ID (NCID)
    AN10412420
  • Text Lang
    JPN
  • Article Type
    Journal Article
  • Journal Type
    大学紀要
  • ISSN
    1347-5614
  • NDL Article ID
    6584539
  • NDL Source Classification
    ZG1(歴史・地理) // ZR7(科学技術--農林水産--農産)
  • NDL Call No.
    Z71-E459
  • Data Source
    CJPref  NDL  NII-ELS  J-STAGE 
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