問題解決に必要な思考力と知識の活用力を育む学習コンテンツの実践化 : 教師教育の場合 [in Japanese] Implementation of the Learning Contents to Develop Reasoning and Knowledge Application Skills Required in Solving Problems : In Case of Teacher Education [in Japanese]
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The learning contents that intended to develop the reasoning and knowledge application skills required in solving problems had been implemented respectively, in the pre-service teacher training program in 2012 where 38 university students were involved, and in the in-service teacher training program in 2013 where 42 school teachers were in volved. In both programs, the small group work called "co-productive learning", that enhanced brain storming and scaffolding by metacognition on general heuristics and specific patterns of reasoning, had been promoted in order to solve the problems creatively. The results indicated as follows : 1. In comparison of the pre- and post- tests, performance on problem solving was significantly improved in both pre-service and in-service teacher training programs. Thus, developing the reasoning and knowledge application skills could be possible by mean of the "co-productive learning" and the learning contents could be effective to foster the creative problem solving. 2. Positive correlation (0.2≦r≦0.4) between performance on the pre-test and enthusiasm toward problem solving on the post-test was found in both pre-service and in-service teacher training programs. Thus, it seems to suggest that affective enthusiasm could be a prerequisite and motive power for the creative problem solving.
- Bulletin of Center for Educational Research and Training Faculty of Education Kumamoto University
Bulletin of Center for Educational Research and Training Faculty of Education Kumamoto University (31), 1-15, 2014-02-28