オンライン在宅学習環境における学習プロセスに関する考察 : 学習者の遠隔存在感が与える影響に着目して  [in Japanese] A Case Study of a Learner's Learning Process in an On-Line Community : The Influence of Learner's Tele-presence on their Learning Process  [in Japanese]

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Abstract

本研究の目的は,完全にバーチャルなオンライン学習環境における学習プロセスを明らかにするものである。ロボット製作に関心を持つ学習者たちが,自律型ロボットの製作活動を相互に促進しあうことが期待されて構築された,「ロボットスタジオ」という学習コミュニティシステムを分析対象とした。コミュニティへの参加のタイプが異なる学習者を取り上げ,その学習過程を詳細に分析した結果,学習者の行動を規定するのは,「他の学習者」の存在そのものであることが明らかとなった。顔が見えず,また会うこともない学習者同士ではあったが,メールなどのやりとりを通していったん学習者が「遠隔地にその学習者が確かに存在する」という遠隔存在感を獲得してしまうと,学習者たちは, face to faceで行われるコミュニティ同様,互いに励まし合ったり,ライバル意識をもったりという学習者同士の相互作用を行っており,そのことが学習を促進したり制約したりしていることが明らかとなった。

How do learners perceive other learners who learn on the Internet together but never actually meet? Does the presence of other learners on the internet influence the learning process just like face-to-face situations or conditions? We traced the learning processes of learners who were learning in a community on the internet, where learners learn the basic mechanics of robots by making robots by themselves. They were expected to upload their works to the WWW, and comment on their works to each other using a bulletin board. We found that learners perceive other learners as real friends even though they have never met in a face-to-face situation; for example, one of our subjects made great progress making robots. Our interview showed that his big incentive to make robots is a competitive mindset to win a competition and also the feeling that he wanted to show off his works to other learners. Conversely, there was a learner who didn't upload her robots because her shyness affected her motivation to show her works. In each case, the existence of other learners itself influenced the learning process of learners. Once they obtained tele-presence of other learners, the learning process on the Internet became essentially comparable to face-to-face communication, with the exception that learners obtain different types of information there.

Journal

  • Japnese Journal of Educational Media Research

    Japnese Journal of Educational Media Research 12(1), 7-19, 2006

    Japan Association for Educational Media Study

Codes

  • NII Article ID (NAID)
    110009780553
  • Text Lang
    JPN
  • ISSN
    1340-9352
  • Data Source
    NII-ELS  J-STAGE 
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