中央省庁改革と教育政策形成形式の変容(I 特集論稿「構造改革と教育政策」) [in Japanese] Reform of the Governmental Organization and Changes in the Form of Education Policy(I. Structural Reform and Educational Policy) [in Japanese]
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In January 2001, the Ministry of Education, Science, Sports and Culture was reorganized into the Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology as part of the administrative reform of Japan's central government. The main objective of the reform was to strengthen the function of the Cabinet in terms of integrating national policies that had been designed independently under the former system of autonomously operating Ministries and Agencies. As part of the reform, the policy-making processes of the Ministry of Education are also undergoing a process of change. This paper aims to clarify the characteristics of the changes in educational policy carried out within the overall framework of central government reform. With a view to facilitating an understanding of the constituent parts of the changes, the author proposes a framework in the form of a distinction between content of the policy and its form. Policy content is defined by the relationships linking categories such as discourses, agencies and subjects. These category relationships represent power relations on the basis of which a particular policy is formulated. Policy form is concerned with the modes of legitimate communication that convey and realize category relationships incorporated into policy content. In line with a change in power relations, the content of education policy has actually changed since the late 1990s as a result of new forms of policy-making that enable the Cabinet to exert stricter control over Ministries. In contrast, the form of policy implementation has as yet shown no significant change even since the reform.
- Annual Bulletin of Japan Academic Society for Educational Policy
Annual Bulletin of Japan Academic Society for Educational Policy 9(0), 47-63, 2002
Japan Academic Society for Educational Policy