盲幼児における触運動感覚を通して実施可能なはめこみ構成課題の難易度に関する事例的検討 : 空間認知の系統的教材配列の視点から  [in Japanese] The Order of Difficulty of the Constructive Task which can be Applied Using Haptic in Infants with Blindness : Viewpoint of the Systematic Teaching Materials Array of a Spatial Cognition  [in Japanese]

Search this Article

Author(s)

Abstract

盲児において歩行や文字の基礎となる空間認知を育むことは重要であり、盲児の空間認知の発達を促すために、枠に複数のはめ板をはめ込んで一つの面を構成するはめこみ構成課題が実践的に用いられている。本研究では(1)はめ板の分割次元数(一次元・二次元)、(2)はめ板の組合せ(同形・異形)、(3)提示順序の観点から8種類の課題を設定し課題の順序性について事例的に検討することを目的とした。対象は4歳1か月から5歳9か月の盲幼児3名であり、分析は課題の成否、課題遂行時間、向き変えの回数から行った。その結果、同形課題に比して異形課題の方が課題遂行時間が長く、はめ板の向き変えの回数も増加する傾向が見られ、同形課題より異形課題の方が難しいことが示唆された。提示順序については(1)一次元異形課題では小さいものから提示する方が難しく、(2)二次元異形課題では小さいものから提示する方が難しい課題とそうでない課題があることが示唆された。

In order to encourage the development of spatial cognition in blind children, the constructive task which requires children to insert two or more panel boards in a frame has been popularly practiced. This study aimed to consider the relation of; the number of dimension of division, the combination of panel boards, the task presenting order, and the order of difficulty of the tasks involved. Eight constructive tasks were presented to three infants with blindness, and analysis was conducted from the following points; success or failure of the task, execution time and the number of times which the infant changed the panel board direction. As a result, the task which involved matching of different shaped panel boards required more time compared to the task matching the same shaped panels. From the result of the order of task presentation, it was suggested that :(1) In a one-dimensional task matching of different shaped panel boards, it was more difficult to start with smallest panel. (2) In a two-dimensional task matching of different shaped panel boards, it was suggested that the subject it is more difficult to start with smallest panel, and the subject which is not so occur.

Journal

  • Japanese Journal of Disability Sciences

    Japanese Journal of Disability Sciences 38, 137-145, 2014

    障害科学学会

Codes

  • NII Article ID (NAID)
    110009807069
  • NII NACSIS-CAT ID (NCID)
    AA12215065
  • Text Lang
    JPN
  • Article Type
    departmental bulletin paper
  • Journal Type
    大学紀要
  • ISSN
    1881-5812
  • NDL Article ID
    025475591
  • NDL Call No.
    Z7-1307
  • Data Source
    NDL  NII-ELS  IR  NDL-Digital 
Page Top