自殺予防におけるソーシャルキャピタルを醸成する保健師活動尺度の開発 [in Japanese] A Development of Scales Illustrating How Public Health Nurses Nurture Social Capital for Suicide Prevention [in Japanese]
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Objective : We developed scales for demonstrating how public health nurses in charge of preventing suicides foster social capital (hereinafter called SC) : scales fostering SC for suicide prevention; and examined their reliability and validity. Procedure : We made a questionnaire consisting of 22 items extracted from literature examination and interviews. We mailed the questionnaires to 271 public health nurses in charge of preventing suicides in every municipality in 9 prefectures which had a suicide death rate of 27.0 and over in 2007. 129 valid responses were analyzed by factor analysis (principal factor analysis, promax rotation), and reliability and validity were examined. Result : We obtained 16 valid items, and from these made scales consisting of three factors: "Workable cooperation with the parties concerned," "Shared individual needs and their connection with residents' independent approach," and "Networking where everyone takes care of everyone else." Cronbach's α in the whole of the scales was 0.91, and that of each item was from 0.79 to 0.88. A significant difference was shown using the known-groups technique, and a significant correlation with external indexes was indicated, but coefficient of correlation was not 0.7 and over. Discussion : Our scales remained a matter of verification in criterion-related validity, but their internal consistency and construct were validated. It was suggested that they were available as scales fostering SC for suicide prevention.
- Journal of Japan Academy of Community Health Nursing
Journal of Japan Academy of Community Health Nursing 16(3), 53-64, 2014
Japan Academy of Community Health Nursing