1歳7カ月児養育者における出生順位別にみたパートナーとの協力と養育状況の分析  [in Japanese] An Analysis of the Condition of Partner Cooperation and Child Rearing among Caregivers of 19-month-old Infants in Respective Birth Ranking  [in Japanese]

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Author(s)

    • 大野 美賀子 Ohno Mikako
    • 愛媛大学大学院医学系研究科修士課程 Nursing and Health Science Course, Graduate School of Medicine, University of Ehime
    • 矢野 知恵 Yano Chie
    • 筑波大学大学院人間総合科学研究科修士課程 Graduate School of Comprehensive Human Sciences, University of Tsukuba
    • 井出 彩子 Ide Ayako
    • 愛媛大学大学院医学系研究科 Nursing and Health Science Course, Graduate School of Medicine, University of Ehime

Abstract

目的:1歳7カ月児の主養育者の育児やパートナーとの協力の状況から家族支援に関するアセスメントの手がかりを得ることである.方法:A市における1歳6カ月児健診対象者の主養育者743名を対象に無記名の自記式質問紙を郵送し,そのうち241名を分析対象者とした.出生順位別に自身の健康管理状況,パートナーとの協力状況,養育態度における潜在的虐待リスクを分析し,比較検定にはχ<sup>2</sup>検定,Kruskal Wallis検定を用いた.結果:出生順位別にパートナーとの協力状況,養育態度における潜在的虐待リスクに有意差がみられた.第1子はパートナーとの協力関係が高く,出生順位が下がるほどパートナーとの関係が良好な層と保ちにくい層に分かれる傾向がみられた.養育態度は,第1子は「力に頼らない育児態度」と「自己肯定感を育む養育態度」において有意にリスクが低く,第3子以降は,「自己抑制を教える養育態度」のリスクが低い傾向がみられた.パートナーとの関係と「自己肯定感を育む養育態度」には正の相関がみられた.結論:良好な養育態度維持に向けて,第1子の時期から肯定的な養育態度を認めながら,パートナーとの関係も視野に入れて,養育者自身の健康支援や子どもの成長に応じた家族支援の必要性が示唆された.

Objective : To obtain information from which to assess how to support family management of the main caregivers of 19-month-old infants, and how to engender cooperation from their partners. Procedure : We mailed anonymous self-response questionnaires to 743 main caregivers of 18-month-old infants who were given check-ups in "A" City, and included 241 of them in our analysis. Situations such as their own health care and cooperation with their partners, and child abuse potential risk were analyzed with respect to birth ranking, using the χ<sup>2</sup>test and Kruskal-Wallis test for comparison. Result : We detected a significant difference in the cooperative situation with partners and child abuse potential risk with respect to birth ranking. Rearing the first child engenders a stronger cooperative relationship with a partner than rearing the second and third child which creates significantly weaker attitudes with respect to "depending on power" and "fostering a sense of self-esteem" in child abuse potential risk. As birth ranking degraded, relations with partners were polarized between good and bad. In rearing the third child or later, though we detected a stratum where cooperative relations with partners waned, "the attitude which teach control of desire" in child abuse potential risk was weaker. Conclusion : In order to maintain desirable rearing, it is suggested that we need to continuously bring into view the relationship with partners from the time of rearing the first child and to support the caregiver's own health and the family according to their children's growth.

Journal

  • Journal of Japan Academy of Community Health Nursing

    Journal of Japan Academy of Community Health Nursing 13(2), 69-76, 2011

    Japan Academy of Community Health Nursing

Codes

  • NII Article ID (NAID)
    110009840813
  • Text Lang
    JPN
  • ISSN
    1346-9657
  • Data Source
    NII-ELS  J-STAGE 
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