女性労働問題とホームヘルプ事業創設との関連 : 通知・通達・議事録などの長野県公文書の分析を中心に [in Japanese] Relationship between Women's Labor Problems and the Establishment of Home-help Services : Analysis of Archived Official Documents in Nagano Prefecture Including Notifications, Circular Notices, and Proceedings [in Japanese]
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In an attempt to clarify social and economic factors underlying the system of dispatching female home care providers, including labor issues and local government policies related to women, this paper traces the history of the system established in Nagano Prefecture in April 1956(Showa 31). In Japan, the 1950s was a period when reconstruction was urgently needed. The Nagano prefectural government was one of the first prefectures to begin using circular notices concerning home-help services. The "home-help services" provided by the municipal government and social welfare councils in the post-war years changed people's lives. A review of primary sources revealed the following:(1)a variety of committees discussed the promotion of civic welfare over issues of unemployment and widows;(2)the prefectural government endeavored to reconstruct a vigorous society by means of both notifications and the actions to which they gave rise; and(3)organizational activities for social welfare were developed centering on city councils. The present-day discussions on client-centered approaches, gender issues, self-help problems, and empowerment approaches, all originate from these initial practice of home-help service. Therefore, the system inaugurated in the prefecture is well worth being re-examined.
学苑 (888), 1-12, 2014-10