1歳6か月児をもつ母親への支援に向けた社会的健康度尺度の開発  [in Japanese] Development of a Social Health Performance Scale for Supporting Mothers of 18-month Old Infants  [in Japanese]

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Author(s)

    • 大野 美賀子 Ohno Mikako
    • 愛媛大学大学院医学系研究科修士課程 Nursing and Health Science course, Graduate School of Medicine, University of Ehime
    • 矢野 知恵 [他] Yano Chie
    • 筑波大学大学院人間総合科学研究科修士課程 Graduate School of Comprehensive Human Sciences, University of Tsukuba
    • 藤田 みどり Fujita Midori
    • 愛媛大学大学院医学系研究科修士課程 Nursing and Health Science course, Graduate School of Medicine, University of Ehime
    • 井出 彩子 Ide Ayako
    • 愛媛大学大学院医学系研究科 Nursing and Health Science course, Graduate School of Medicine, University of Ehime

Abstract

目的:家族の保健機能の中心的存在であり,子どもの社会的自立を支える大きな役割を果たしている子育て中の母親へのサポートの方向性を探るため,社会的健康度尺度の開発を試みた.方法:A県B市における1歳6か月児健診対象者の母親743名を対象に無記名の自記式質問紙を郵送し,そのうち214名を分析対象者とした.結果:社会的健康度質問紙を作成し,23項目で調査を行った.調査の結果,天井効果のみられた1項目を除き,22項目で因子分析を行い,Promax回転による因子分析を繰り返し,4因子19項目を採用した.4因子のCronbachのα係数は,すべての因子において.70以上であった.社会的健康度尺度の「子育てに伴う制約感(逆)」と母性意識尺度MP(肯定的意識)との間には正の相関,MN(否定的意識)との間には負の相関が認められた.考察:19項目からなる社会的健康度尺度を検討した結果,子育て中の母親の役割受容に対する意識や社会との関わりを評価する指標の1つとなりうることが示唆された.

Objective : To develop social health performance scales for mothers to seek how to support a mother caring for children as she plays a major role in making them socially independent. Procedure : We mailed anonymous personal response questionnaires to 743 mothers who have 18-month old infants scheduled to be given check-ups in B City in A Prefecture, and included 214 of the returned questionnaires in an analysis. Results : We drafted a social health performance questionnaire consisting of 23 items for investigation. We attempted factor analysis on 22 items excluding one item which showed ceiling effect, repeated factor analysis by promax rotation, and finally employed 4 factors and 19 items. Cronbach's alphas of the four factors were all more than .70. We detected a positive correlation between "No feeling of constraint in raising a child" and positive maternal consciousness (MP), and a negative correlation between the former and negative material consciousness (MN). Discussion : As a result of the examination of this social health performance scale consisting of 19 items, it was suggested that it could be an indicator for evaluating the awareness on the part of a mother regarding her acceptance of the maternal role, and interaction with society.

Journal

  • Journal of Japan Academy of Community Health Nursing

    Journal of Japan Academy of Community Health Nursing 13(1), 44-51, 2010

    Japan Academy of Community Health Nursing

Codes

  • NII Article ID (NAID)
    110009843401
  • NII NACSIS-CAT ID (NCID)
    AA11362530
  • Text Lang
    JPN
  • ISSN
    1346-9657
  • NDL Article ID
    10953127
  • NDL Source Classification
    ZS47(科学技術--医学--治療医学・看護学・漢方医学)
  • NDL Call No.
    Z74-B543
  • Data Source
    NDL  NII-ELS  J-STAGE 
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