幽霊と参加 [in Japanese] Spirituality and Public Involvement in Japanese Society [in Japanese]
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If we say "People who believe ghost tend to vote and do volunteer activities", most people must be surprised. But, this seems to be true. In this article, we consider the relationship between spirituality and public involvement. Through the quantitative data analysis, it is shown that the spiritual consciousness embedded in ordinary people --such as belief of ghost or pious attitude toward religious symbol--has considerable effect on political and social participation. Also, the spiritual consciousness relates to the nature orientation, attachment toward symbols, inclination for rituals, and empathy for others. Not only spiritual consiciousness, but also all these kinds of consciousness support the public involvement. Taking Emile Durkheim's argument on religion into consideration, it is considered that the system of these consciousness is basic for all human beings as social animals. This basic consciousness system effects political and social participation directly and indirectly.
- Hyoronshakai kagaku : social science review
Hyoronshakai kagaku : social science review (110), 1-19, 2014-09
The Association of Social Studies, Doshisha University