睡眠問題と主観的健康感の関連-勤労者を対象とした大規模疫学調査-  [in Japanese] Association of Sleep Problems with Self-Rated Health - A Large Epidemiologic Survey in the Working Population  [in Japanese]

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Author(s)

    • 北村 尚人 KITAMURA Naoto
    • 帝京平成大学 大学院 臨床心理学研究科 Graduate School of Clinical Psychology, Teikyo Heisei University, Japan
    • 中谷 淳子 NAKATANI Junko
    • 産業医科大学 産業保健学部 産業・地域看護学講座 Department of Occupational and Community Health Nursing, School of Health Sciences, University of Occupational and Environmental Health, Japan
    • 中田 光紀 NAKATA Akinori
    • 産業医科大学 産業保健学部 産業・地域看護学講座 Department of Occupational and Community Health Nursing, School of Health Sciences, University of Occupational and Environmental Health, Japan

Abstract

勤労者の睡眠問題と主観的健康感(以下,健康感)の関連を明らかにするために,日本人43,092人(男性34,164人,女性8,928人)を対象に質問紙調査を行った.健康感と睡眠問題の関連は多重ロジスティック回帰分析により解析し,オッズ比(OR)を求めた.男女間で健康感を「あまり良くない,非常に良くない」と答えた人の割合に有意な差があったため(男性29.4%,女性34.1%,<i>P</i> < 0.001),男女別に解析した.睡眠問題なしの者に比べ,睡眠6時間未満(OR = 男性1.39,女性1.40),入眠困難(OR = 男性4.44,女性3.85),中途覚醒(OR = 男性5.72,女性4.85),早朝覚醒(OR = 男性3.87,女性4.25),起床困難(OR = 男性3.30,女性3.40),起床時疲労感(OR = 4.97,女性4.82)および仕事中の過度の眠気(OR = 男性2.34,女性2.11)を有する者は有意に健康感が悪かった.睡眠問題と健康感の関連の強さは男女差が認められなかった.本研究により,勤労者において睡眠問題と健康感は関連することが示された.

To investigate the association between various sleep problems and self-rated health (SRH), a total of 43,092 (34,164 men and 8,928 women) employees were surveyed by means of a self-administered questionnaire. The risk of suboptimal (poor, very poor) SRH associated with sleep problems was estimated using multivariable logistic regression with odds ratios (ORs) as measures of associations. Because the prevalence of suboptimal SRH differed by sex (men 29.4% and women 34.1%, <i>P</i> < 0.001), the analyses were done separately for men and women. Employees sleeping less than 6 hrs/day (OR = 1.39 for men, 1.40 for women), with difficulty initiating sleep (OR=4.44 for men, 3.85 for women), with difficulty maintaining sleep (OR=5.72 for men, 4.85 for women), with early morning awakening (OR=3.87 for men, 4.25 for women), with difficulty waking up in the morning (OR=3.30 for men, 3.40 for women), feeling tired when waking up in the morning (OR=4.97 for men, 4.82 for women), and excessive daytime sleepiness at work (OR=2.34 for men, 2.11 for women) had a significantly higher odds of suboptimal SRH compared to those without sleep problems. The association between sleep problems and suboptimal SRH did not differ between men and women. In conclusion, the data point to an independent relationship between sleep problems and suboptimal SRH among Japanese employees.

Journal

  • Journal of UOEH

    Journal of UOEH 36(4), 295-300, 2014

    The UOEH Association of Health Sciences

Codes

  • NII Article ID (NAID)
    110009878662
  • NII NACSIS-CAT ID (NCID)
    AN0009832X
  • Text Lang
    JPN
  • ISSN
    0387-821X
  • NDL Article ID
    025963412
  • NDL Call No.
    Z19-1000
  • Data Source
    NDL  NII-ELS  J-STAGE 
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