産後1年までの母親の「愛着-養育バランス」の特徴  [in Japanese] Characteristics of the "Attachment-Caregiving Balance" in mothers 1 year postpartum  [in Japanese]

Author(s)

Abstract

母親の産後1年までの養育システムの発達の特徴を「愛着-養育バランス」尺度を用いて明らかにすることを目的とした。1か月健診を受診し同意の得られた母親234名に対し,産後1か月時・3〜4か月時・6〜7か月時・1年時に質問紙調査を行った。全ての時期で有効回答の得られた173名(有効回答率73.9%)を分析対象とした。母親として経験を積むことで愛着的因子は下降し,養育的因子は上昇すると予測していたが,結果は必ずしもそうではなかった。「適応:愛着(子どもへの依存)」は育児経験を積むことで下降し,「敏感性:養育(子どもへの関心と理解)」は上昇していたが,「敏感性:愛着(自分への関心)」は上昇していた。「適応:養育(役割受容)」「親密性:愛着(自分に対する支え)」「親密性:養育(子どもへの愛情と支え)」は育児経験による変動はほとんどなかった。母親は愛着の対象を夫や家族等の周囲に向けていたが,経産婦は自分自身へも向ける傾向がみられ,初産婦は産後間もない頃は子どもも愛着対象として認識する傾向がみられた。

The aim of this study was to clarify the development characteristics of the caregiving system in mothers up to 1 year postpartum using the "Attachment-Caregiving Balance" scale. A questionnaire was administered to 234 mothers who consented to participate at the 1-month health checkup on four occasions (1-month, 3-4 month, 6-7 month, and 1-year checkups). The study targets were the 173 from whom valid responses were received on all four occasions (valid response rate : 73.9%). Attachment factors were projected to decline and caregiving factors rise as the mothers gained experience. However, this was not necessarily indicated by the results. "Adaptation/attachment (dependence on child)" declined and "sensitivity/caregiving (concern and understanding toward child) rose with child-rearing experience, but "sensitivity/attachment (concern for oneself) rose contrary to expectations. There was almost no change in "adaptation/caregiving (acceptance of role), "intimacy/attachment (support for oneself)" and "intimacy/caregiving (affection and support for child)" due to child-rearing experience. Mothers showed attachment to husbands and family, but multiparas also showed a tendency to think of themselves, while primaparas showed a tendency early on to recognize their child as an object of attachment.

Journal

  • Maternal health

    Maternal health 55(4), 689-699, 2015-01

    Japan Society of Maternal Health

Codes

  • NII Article ID (NAID)
    110009901224
  • NII NACSIS-CAT ID (NCID)
    AN0022863X
  • Text Lang
    JPN
  • ISSN
    0388-1512
  • NDL Article ID
    026037940
  • NDL Call No.
    Z19-1016
  • Data Source
    NDL  NII-ELS 
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