幼児の視力検査に関する一考察─3歳児からできる近見視力検査─(高成廈教授・寺木伸明教授 退任記念号) About the Visual Acuity Test of the Infant : A Proposal for Near-Vision Acuity Tests to be Conducted on Children from the Age of 3(Special Issue Dedicated to Professor KO Sung-Ha,Professor TERAKI Nobuaki)
It is proposed that near-vision acuity tests be conducted in kindergartens and nurseries throughout the country and that infant medical checkups should also be carried out. This will allow early detection of and timely treatment for children with amblyopia. The younger the age at which these tests are carried out, the more effective they will be. If amblyopia is detected and treated by the age of 3, most children will be able to complete their treatment before reaching school age. This will enable them to begin their school life without being burdened by poor eyesight, and contribute to a society in which all children have equal access to compulsory education. To bring about that end, the introduction of "reliable" visual acuity tests over a short time is necessary. I considered the best form of visual acuity test from the standpoint of both the infant to be tested and that of the teacher carrying out the test. In order to ensure "reliability", it is necessary to use the Landolt Ring eye-mark, which meets definitions of eyesight. In addition, a picture-based eye-mark is recommended, as it is more likely to gain the understanding of the infant being tested. Avisual acuity test will be more effective if infants have already grown accustomed to the Landolt Ring during play. This picture book was devised with that aim in mind.
人間文化研究 (2), 193-210, 2015-03-23