女性の就労形態と社会関係資本 [in Japanese] Differences in social capital by mother employment status [in Japanese]
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This paper will use research data to show how differences in social capital for child-rearing is indicated whether mother works or not, whether her work is suspended or not, and what work style she has. The research has put into practice from Jan. to March in 2014 in Tokyo area, Fukuoka city, and Nagasaki city for women age30-59. The sample size is 1268(Tokyo 392, Fukuoka 446, and Nagasaki 432), the rate of valid answer is 42%. Having child is 73.8%(872), so it is the selected range. The knowledge is the following. Women's employment increase the number of counselor about personal issue. Especially people at work has an important role as informational source about child-rearing. On the other hand, for house wife, family, especially her husband, is the biggest recourse of child-rearing. However to live with their parents has not so great effect. The housewife is not more isolated than women at work. Regarding style of work, full-timer has weaker tie with local than the part-timer or self-employed. The full-timer often rely her parents, and use professional service. The part-timer often rely her husband. The people who continue the job has more tie with their friends of school days. Social capital of child-rearing is depended on social status as education or household income. The high educated women who continue their job is in the rich condition of social capital about child-rearing. In addition, people who has rich social capital about childrearing has the reciprocity norm. So it is expectance of effect for the child-rearing support system.
- Kwassui bulletin. Faculty of Wellness Studies
Kwassui bulletin. Faculty of Wellness Studies 58, 61-74, 2015-03
Kwassui Women's College