「教育ニードアセスメントツール-院内教育担当者用-」の開発  [in Japanese] Development of an Educational Needs Assessment Tool for Hospital Nurse Educators  [in Japanese]

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Abstract

本研究の目的は、院内教育担当者の教育ニードアセスメントツールを開発することである。尺度の開発には次の4段階を経た。(1)質的帰納的研究の成果である院内教育担当者としての望ましい状態7側面を下位尺度とする質問項目の作成と尺度化、(2)専門家会議とパイロットスタデイによる尺度の内容的妥当性の検討、(3)全国調査による質問項目の分析と選択、(4)選択項目を用いて構成した尺度の信頼性・妥当性の検討である。調査は、無作為に抽出した全国の病院330施設のうち、研究協力に承諾の得られた病院157施設に勤務する院内教育担当者1,177名であった。質問紙回収数は591(回収率50.2%)であった。分析は、全質問項目に回答のあった423部を対象とした。項目分析の結果に基づき35質問項目を選択し、「教育ニードアセスメントツール-院内教育担当者用-」を完成した。尺度のクロンバックα信頼性係数は、尺度全体が0.954、各下位尺度が0.814から0.895であった。また、再テスト法における相関係数は0.751(p<O.O1)であった。さらに、因子分析の結果、7下位尺度を反映した7因子が抽出された。以上は、尺度が内的整合性・安定性による信頼性および構成概念妥当性を確保していることを示す。

The purpose of this study was to develop an educational needs assessment tool for hospital nurse educators. This tool was developed through four stages, (a) Creation of items and a scale that includes as subscales seven aspects of the state of affairs preferred by hospital nurse educators, which were found from qualitative and inductive study; (b) investigation of the content validity of the scale by an expert panel and pilot study; (c) analysis and selection of items based on a national survey; and (d) investigation of the reliability and validity of the constructed scale using selected items. The survey was done with 1,177 hospital nurse educators working at 157 hospitals that had consented to the study from among 330 randomly selected hospitals nationwide. A total of 591 questionnaires were returned (response rate 50.2%), of which 423 were completed and used in the study. Overall, 35 items were selected based on the results of item analysis, and the "Educational Needs Assessment Tool for Hospital Nurse Educators" was completed. Cronbach's α reliability coefficient was .954 for the entire tool and .814 to .895 for the subscales. The correlation coefficient in the test-retest method was .751 (p < .01). In addition, seven factors that reflect the seven subscales were identified from the results of factor analysis. The above shows the reliability of the scale from its internal consistency and stability, and that it has construct validity.

Journal

  • Journal of Research for Nursing Education

    Journal of Research for Nursing Education 24(1), 101-113, 2015

    Japan Academic Society of Nursing Education

Codes

  • NII Article ID (NAID)
    110009970688
  • Text Lang
    JPN
  • ISSN
    0917-6314
  • Data Source
    NII-ELS  J-STAGE 
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