全日本方面委員連盟書記としての原崎秀司が果たした役割 : ホームヘルプ事業の先覚者と方面事業との関係性へのアプローチを中心に  [in Japanese] Hideshi Harasaki's Role as Secretary of the All-Japan Houmen-iin Federation : A Perspective on the Relationship between the Pioneer of Home-help Services and Houmen-iin Services  [in Japanese]

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Abstract

盧溝橋事件や日中戦争が勃発した1937年当時,方面事業の全国化を目指していた全日本方面委員連盟は,地域差や雑誌・映画などのメディア媒体を重視していた.同連盟書記として『方面時報』を編集した原崎秀司は,ホームヘルプ事業の先覚者としてのみならず,方面事業にも精通しており,この経験が欧米視察後の成果につながったことは注目される.本稿では,方面事業に携わった原崎の思想と実践を実証的に明らかにすることを目的とし,原崎直筆の日誌や『方面時報』などの第一次資料を分析した.その結果,原崎が真の豊かさを政治・経済・思想の強化に求めたこと,欠陥の克服こそが社会改変につながること,現場視察や調査を繰り返し,実情把握に努めたこと,映像や音声に依拠したメディアの活用により人々の意識を啓発したことなどの知見を得た.方面事業への原崎の関わりの解明が,ホームヘルプ事業創設以前の彼の思想や役割を読み解く手がかりを得ることを示した.

Houmen-iin (social welfare volunteer) services during the Second World War were forced to conform to national policy. However, the All-Japan Houmen-iin Federation emphasized differences among areas, and used media such as publishing magazines and producing movies to promote their approach to social welfare volunteers. This paper looks at Hideshi Harasaki's thoughts and practices empirically, not only as a pioneer of home-help services, but also as secretary of the Federation of Houmen-iin Services. To this end, we analyzed primary source materials including Harasaki's own handwritten journals and newsletters : "Houmen Jiho". We saw the following points : 1) Harasaki sought true wealth in the strengthening of politics, economy, and thought ; 2) he emphasized a strategy of overcoming disadvantages, rejecting undue emphasis on advantages ; 3) he carried out observation studies in Japan, which clarified the actual social welfare environment in different geographical areas ; and 4) he assigned importance to evidence-based practices by making use of media that depicted situations realistically. Consideration of Harasaki's approach to Houmen-iin services allowed us to highlight his role and accomplishments before the establishment of home-help services.

Journal

  • Japanese Journal of Social Welfare

    Japanese Journal of Social Welfare 56(1), 38-49, 2015

    Japanese Society for the Study of Social Welfare (JSSSW)

Codes

  • NII Article ID (NAID)
    110009986685
  • NII NACSIS-CAT ID (NCID)
    AN00314800
  • Text Lang
    JPN
  • ISSN
    0911-0232
  • NDL Article ID
    026682401
  • NDL Call No.
    Z6-275
  • Data Source
    NDL  NII-ELS  J-STAGE 
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