近代新漢語の基本語化における既存語との関係 : 雑誌コーパスによる「拡大」「援助」の事例研究(<特集>近代語研究の今とこれから) The Inclusion of Modern New Sino-Japanese Words into Basic Vocabulary and Their Relationships with Existing Words : A Case Study of Kakudai (expansion) and Enjo (aid) Based on Magazine Corpora(<Special Issue>Current Topics and Prospects in the Study of Modern Japanese)

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抄録

明治・大正期には多くの漢語が基本語化するが、雑誌コーパスの頻度によってそれを明確にとらえることのできる「拡大」「援助」を取り上げて、基本語化の過程を記述し、既存の基本語との間にどのような関係を構築していくのかについて研究した。その結果、「拡大」においては、新たな語義を加えながら基本語化していくことと、既存語「広がる・広げる」が言文一致によって基本語化するのと連動し、この語と類似性を高め、意味的・文体的な関係を強めていくことが分かった。また、「援助」においては、対象や主体に取る語句の性質を変えながら基本語化していくことと、既存語「助ける」と類似性を高め、意味的・文体的な関係を強めていくことが分かった。

For this study, I analyzed two words, kakudai (expansion) and enjo (aid) among modern new Sino-Japanese words. Inferring from their frequency of appearance in magazine corpora of the Meiji and Taisho eras, they clearly came to be included in basic vocabulary. This study describes the process of the two words' inclusion into basic vocabulary and investigates what type of relationships were established between them and existing basic words. Regarding kakudai, results indicates that the word was included into basic vocabulary as new semantics were added. In conjunction with kakudai being included into basic vocabulary due to the existing words hirogaru and hirogeru becoming inclusion into basic vocabulary on account of the Genbun-itchi Movement, its similarities with these words increased, and the semantic and stylistic relationships between them were strengthened. Regarding enjo, I came to understand that the word was included into basic vocabulary as the nature of how words took a subject and object changed, the similarities of enjo with the existing word tasukeru increased, and that the stylistic relationships between them were strengthened.

収録刊行物

  • 日本語の研究

    日本語の研究 11(2), 68-85, 2015

    日本語学会

各種コード

  • NII論文ID(NAID)
    110009988717
  • NII書誌ID(NCID)
    AA11998386
  • 本文言語コード
    JPN
  • ISSN
    1349-5119
  • NDL 記事登録ID
    026295667
  • NDL 請求記号
    Z71-M894
  • データ提供元
    NDL  NII-ELS  J-STAGE 
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