日本の高齢者における社会的孤立割合の変化と関連要因 : 1987年, 1999年, 2012年の全国調査の結果より  [in Japanese] Change in Prevalence of Elderly Social Isolation and Related Factors : Findings from the National Survey of the Japanese Elderly in 1987, 1999, and 2012  [in Japanese]

Access this Article

Author(s)

Abstract

社会的に孤立した高齢者の割合の変化と,変化の要因を明らかにするため,1987年と2012年に60歳以上(n = 2,199および1,324), 1999年に70歳以上(n = 1,405)の無作為抽出標本を対象に実施された全国調査のデータを分析した.別居子,友人,近所の人など同居家族以外との接触が週に1回未満の場合を「非同居者孤立」,独居かつ非同居者孤立の場合を「完全孤立」として,60歳以上は2時点(1987年, 2012年),70歳以上は3時点で比較した結果,「非同居者孤立」の割合は,男性は増加,女性は減少していた.「完全孤立」の割合は,男性では有意に増加し(1987年の約2%から2012年の5%へ),女性については,増加傾向はあるが有意ではなかった.ロジスティック回帰分析の結果,男性における非同居者孤立増加には特に親しい近所づきあいの減少,女性における非同居者孤立の減少には高学歴化の関与が示唆された.

This study examined how the proportion of the socially isolated elderly changed in Japan, and what factors explained the change. Data came from nationwide random-sampling surveys conducted in 1987 and 2012 with persons aged 60 and over (n = 2,199 and 1,324, respectively), and in 1999 with persons aged 70 and over (n = 1,405). "Isolation from non-coresidents" was defined as having contact less than once a week with anyone outside the household such as children living apart, friends, or neighbors, while "complete isolation" was defined as living alone and satisfying the conditions of isolation from non-coresidents. The comparison between 1987 and 2012 for persons aged 60 and over and across three time points for persons 70 and over revealed that the proportion of "isolation from non-coresidents" increased among men but decreased among women for both age groups. Among men, "complete isolation" increased significantly from approximately 2% (1987) to 5% (2012), while for women, it increased but was not statistically significant. Results of logistic regression analyses for the data in the same period suggested that the increase in isolation of men from non-coresidents was mostly accounted for by the decreased number of intimate neighbors, whereas higher levels of education explained the decrease of the isolation for women.

Journal

  • Japanese Journal of Social Welfare

    Japanese Journal of Social Welfare 56(2), 88-100, 2015

    Japanese Society for the Study of Social Welfare (JSSSW)

Codes

  • NII Article ID (NAID)
    110010000172
  • NII NACSIS-CAT ID (NCID)
    AN00314800
  • Text Lang
    JPN
  • ISSN
    0911-0232
  • NDL Article ID
    026715044
  • NDL Call No.
    Z6-275
  • Data Source
    NDL  NII-ELS  J-STAGE 
Page Top