若年層の日常会話における「トイウカ」の使用 : 縮約形「てか・つか」に注目して Analysis of the Usage of Toyuka Based on the Data of Everyday Conversation by Young People : Focusing on Contracted Forms Teka and Tsuka

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本稿は,若年層による日常会話をデータとし,「トイウカ」の使用を分析した。分析の結果,「トイウカ」の用法は発言改正用法(<暫定提示><言い換え><譲歩補足>)と話題調整用法(<話題導入><話題維持>)に分類できること,種々の形式のうち縮約形「てか」が出現数と使用者数が最多であること,テ系では発言改正用法より話題調整用法のほうが「てか」の割合が高く,ツ系でも発言改正用法より話題調整用法のほうが「つか」の割合が高いことを明らかにした。分析結果にもとづき,縮約形「てか・つか」の使用に関して「単純化(simplification)」の傾向を指摘した。また,広義文法化の立場から「トイウカ」が文法化の一事例として位置付けられることを主張した。

This paper analyzes the usage of toyuka focusing on its contracted forms teka and tsuka, based on the data of everyday conversation by young people living in the Tokyo Metropolitan Area. The data comprises about 53.5 hours of conversations carried out by a total of 130 university students. The analysis reveals the following: a. Two types of usage of toyuka are identified: namely Prior Utterance Revision and Topic Management. Prior Utterance Revision usage has three functions, as follows: Tentatively Expressing, Replacing, and Concessionally Complementing. Meanwhile, Topic Management usage has the following two functions: Topic Introducing and Topic Continuing; b. Among all forms of toyuka, teka is the most frequently used contraction and exhibits the greatest number of users; and c. The word toyuka consists of three morphemes, as follows: the quotational particle to, the verb yu 'say', and the interrogative particle ka. The forms of toyuka can be divided into the four following groups in accordance with forms of the quotational particle to: TO-group, TE-group, CHU-group, and TSU-group. Among all forms of the TE-group of toyuka, teka is uttered more frequently in relation to Topic Management usage than Prior Utterance Revision usage. Among all forms of the TSU-group, tsuka is more frequently used for Topic Management than for Prior Utterance Revision. In conclusion, the findings indicate that the usage of the contracted forms teka and tsuka shows a tendency of simplification. Moreover, from the perspective of grammaticalization in a broader sense, toyuka can be recognized as a case of grammaticalization.

収録刊行物

  • 日本語の研究

    日本語の研究 11(3), 16-31, 2015

    日本語学会

各種コード

  • NII論文ID(NAID)
    110010022684
  • NII書誌ID(NCID)
    AA11998386
  • 本文言語コード
    JPN
  • ISSN
    1349-5119
  • NDL 記事登録ID
    026608427
  • NDL 請求記号
    Z71-M894
  • データ提供元
    NDL  NII-ELS  J-STAGE 
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