若年層の日常会話における「トイウカ」の使用 : 縮約形「てか・つか」に注目して [in Japanese] Analysis of the Usage of Toyuka Based on the Data of Everyday Conversation by Young People : Focusing on Contracted Forms Teka and Tsuka [in Japanese]
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This paper analyzes the usage of toyuka focusing on its contracted forms teka and tsuka, based on the data of everyday conversation by young people living in the Tokyo Metropolitan Area. The data comprises about 53.5 hours of conversations carried out by a total of 130 university students. The analysis reveals the following: a. Two types of usage of toyuka are identified: namely Prior Utterance Revision and Topic Management. Prior Utterance Revision usage has three functions, as follows: Tentatively Expressing, Replacing, and Concessionally Complementing. Meanwhile, Topic Management usage has the following two functions: Topic Introducing and Topic Continuing; b. Among all forms of toyuka, teka is the most frequently used contraction and exhibits the greatest number of users; and c. The word toyuka consists of three morphemes, as follows: the quotational particle to, the verb yu 'say', and the interrogative particle ka. The forms of toyuka can be divided into the four following groups in accordance with forms of the quotational particle to: TO-group, TE-group, CHU-group, and TSU-group. Among all forms of the TE-group of toyuka, teka is uttered more frequently in relation to Topic Management usage than Prior Utterance Revision usage. Among all forms of the TSU-group, tsuka is more frequently used for Topic Management than for Prior Utterance Revision. In conclusion, the findings indicate that the usage of the contracted forms teka and tsuka shows a tendency of simplification. Moreover, from the perspective of grammaticalization in a broader sense, toyuka can be recognized as a case of grammaticalization.
- Studies in the Japanese Language
Studies in the Japanese Language 11(3), 16-31, 2015
The Society for Japanese Linguistics