上方語における準体の歴史的変化 Historical Development of the Nominalization Construction in the Kamigata Dialect of Japanese

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本稿では項の位置を対象に,上方語におけるゼロ準体からノ準体への変化を次のように明らかにする。a. 連体形節+「の」は中世末から散見するが,約200年間,「の」の付加率は上昇しない。その間,形状タイプと事柄タイプの様相に有意差はない。b. 形状タイプは,明和-安永期から寛政-文化期の間に,ゼロ準体からノ準体への移行を進展させ,事柄タイプはそれに続いて,文政-天保期から大正期にかけて移行を進展させた。これらの結果から,当初「の」がモノ・ヒト代名詞であったとする説は取り難く,「の」は当初から特定の指示対象を持たない文法要素であったと考えられ,属格句+「の」における「の」を起源とすると考えるべきである。更に,項位置におけるゼロ準体から準体助詞準体への変化の直接要因は,連体形と終止形の同形化であるとは考え難く,他方言の様相も視野に入れると,形状タイプの構造変化を契機とするという仮説が立てられる。

This paper examines two types of nominalization (zero type and no-type henceforth) found in the Kamigata variety of Classical Japanese, with an exclusive focus on argument positions. It aims to give an account of the historical development of the no-type nominalization based on the following two facts. First, the nominalizer no started to be employed as a regular means to nominalize (i.e. head a noun phrase carrying) the adnominal clause two hundred years or so after it first began to attach to adnominal clauses in the Middle Japanese. During this period, the nominalization construction was used both for the referential and event uses with no statistically significant difference in frequency. Second, the no-type nominalization started to replace the zero type first in the referential use (during the Meiwa-An'ei era to the Kansei-Bunka era) then in the event use (during the Bunsei-Tenpo era to Taisho era). These facts indicate that there is no reason to believe that no was originally a pronoun designating a person or thing. Rather, it is reasonable to assume that the morpheme was a cognate of the genitive no, which does not have any specific referent. Furthermore, it is argued that the development of the no-type nominalization over the zero type is more naturally explained by addressing the structural reanalysis that occurred in the referential use of nominalization than the loss of the distinction between the conclusive and adnominal forms as often argued in the literature. This hypothesis is supported by the data from other dialects.

収録刊行物

  • 日本語研究

    日本語研究 11(3), 32-50, 2015

    日本語学会

各種コード

  • NII論文ID(NAID)
    110010022685
  • NII書誌ID(NCID)
    AA11998386
  • 本文言語コード
    JPN
  • ISSN
    1349-5119
  • NDL 記事登録ID
    026608464
  • NDL 請求記号
    Z71-M894
  • データ提供元
    NDL  NII-ELS  J-STAGE 
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