不可視化される「生活の時間」によりそう――辺野古をめぐる3つの時間――  [in Japanese] Focusing On and Standing By the 'Time of Everyday Life': Three Kinds of Time Flowing in Henoko  [in Japanese]

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Abstract

<p>普天間基地の移設予定地である辺野古には,「政治の時間」「運動の時間」「生活の時間」という3つの時間が流れており,辺野古が「政治の場」となったことで前2者が支配的になり,「生活の時間」が不可視化されている。本稿の目的は,軍事施設としての普天間代替施設に着目しながら,不可視化をもたらす構造を明らかにしたうえで,「生活の時間」を可視化することの必要性とそこから拓かれる地平を提示することにある。辺野古住民の「生活の時間」は,米海兵隊基地キャンプ・シュワブとの歴史を通して形成されたものであり,それゆえに辺野古は米軍基地の全面撤去を主張できない。普天間代替施設については「来ないに越したことはない」と考えているが,「生活の時間」に基づいた未来のことを考えると条件つきでの受け入れ容認の立場をとらざるを得ない。しかしこの複雑な態度は,「生活の時間」を共有しようとしない反対運動参加者からは理解され得ず,対立にまで発展し,ついに辺野古は反対運動の撤退を要請するに至った。だがその行為は結果的に辺野古から反対の選択肢を奪ってしまうことになる。そのような「統治への荷担」へと帰結しないためには,「生活の時間」を可視化し,共有することで,「政治の時間」への抗いを「統治への抗い」にしなければならない。</p>

<p>In Henoko, Okinawa, Japan, a planned replacement site for the U. S. Marine Corps Air Station Futenma, it can be said there concurrently flows three different scopes of time experience: 'time of politics', 'time of social movement' and 'time of everyday life'. As Henoko has become a site of politics, the flow of politics and social movement occupies the majority of the flow of time, which essentially means the time of everyday life has become invisible.</p><p>This paper aims to highlight the structure that causes such invisibility by focusing on the Futenma Replacement Facility (F. R. F.) as a military facility, so as to emphasize the importance of the visibility of the 'time of everyday life' and to present what is revealed by its visibility.</p><p>For the local residents of Henoko, the 'time of everyday life' has been formed by their historical connection with the U. S. military base, Camp Schwab, therefore they are reluctant to advocate the total removal of all U. S. military bases from Okinawa. They officially express conditional acceptance of F. R. F. in view of their future 'time of everyday life', although they would certainly be pleased if F. R. F. was not located at Henoko. This delicate stance towards Henoko is not understood by those people coming from outside to join the opposition movements who do not share the local residents' 'time of everyday life'. Such lack of understanding has developed into a conflict between the local citizens of Henoko and outsiders so that the local people have finally requested that people from outside withdraw from the opposition movement. However, for the residents of Henoko, completely removing the opposition movement would eliminate the option of opposing F. R. F. To avoid such limitation of options, visualizing and sharing the 'time of everyday life' will be inevitable in order to develop resistance against the 'time of politics' into a resistance against governmentality.</p>

Journal

  • Journal of Environmental Sociology

    Journal of Environmental Sociology 21(0), 22-40, 2015

    Japanese Association for Environmental Sociology

Codes

  • NII Article ID (NAID)
    110010022971
  • NII NACSIS-CAT ID (NCID)
    AN10498448
  • Text Lang
    JPN
  • NDL Article ID
    027021062
  • NDL Call No.
    Z6-B659
  • Data Source
    NDL  NII-ELS  J-STAGE  NDL-Digital 
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