抑うつ生起時の対処行動評価尺度の作成 : 妥当性の検討 Development of The Coping Assessment Questionnaire during depressive mood(CAQ-D) : examination of validity
The purpose of this study was to examine variations of coping during depressive moods in terms of behavioral activation and the relationship between patterns of coping and severity of depression.First, we collected items of coping during depressive moods by interviewing 29 undergraduate students. Then, based on the data the COPING ASSESSMENT QUESTIONNAIRE during depressive moods (CAQ-D) was developed. To investigate the factor structure of CAQ-D, CAQ-D was completed by 209 undergraduates. The results of a factor analysis indicated that CAQ-D consisted of three factors: (a)Activation , (b)Observing One's Experience , and (c)Distraction. Activation was positively related to Behavioral Activation for Depression Scale(BADS), and Observing One's Experience was positively correlated with Observing (Five Facet Mindfulness Questionnaire; FFMQ). However, Distraction showed no correlation with the Acceptance and Action Questionnaire-II(AAQ-II).Secondly, we defined coping style against depressive mood based on the CAQ-D, and investigated the relationship between coping styles and depression. The results showed that there were 4 coping styles : (a)all high Coping group, (b)high Activation and Distraction group, (c)Distraction group, and (d)Activation and Observing One's Experience group. Moreover, the high Activation and Distraction group felt more positive feelings than Distraction group. Although no consideration was placed on the relation between coping styles and stressors, these results suggest that one who has many variations of coping can gain more positive reinforcements.
徳島大学人間科学研究 23, 57-67, 2015