音声と非言語的情報を結びつけた聴解指導に関する基礎研究 [in Japanese]
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This research was completed additionally to Fukuoka's (1999) study to expand on the idea, that visual information, Such as facial expression and eye movement, helps language learners understand the speakers' intentions clearly. In this paper, the settlement rate and training result were also compared. The research was conducted with subjects divided into two groups. One group was given audio-visual stimuli by video-tape (only the speaker's face could be seen). The stimuli: three different Japanese phrases, were given to the subjects three times over a six week period. On the fourth time, the subjects listened to a cassette-tape only. The second group was given the material via cassette-tape and on the fourth trial, watched the video. A questionnaire was given to the groups and graded. The scores for both groups were compared, and the results were divided into settlement-rate and training result ; then graphed. In agreement with the hypothesis, it was found that subjects exposed to the video had consistently higher results. The group listening to auditory-stimulus improved over time, yet scored significantly lower than the audio-visual group. It is most difficult to define the speakers' intention with intonation alone, audio-visual methods are also essential in the clarity and speed of learning.
- Bulletin of Center for International Students Mie University
Bulletin of Center for International Students Mie University (6), 41-52, 2004