Further mapping of quantitative trait loci for postnatal growth in an intersubspecific backcross of wild Mus musculus castaneus and C57BL/6J mice Further mapping of quantitative trait loci for postnatal growth in an intersubspecific backcross of wild Mus musculus castaneus and C57BL/6J mice
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We performed a quantitative trait locus (QTL) analysis of eight body weights recorded weekly from 3 weeks to 10 weeks after birth and two weight gains recorded between 3 weeks and 6 weeks, and between 6 weeks and 10 weeks in an intersubspecific backcross population of wild Mus musculus castaneus mice captured in the Philippines and the common inbred strain C57BL/6J (M. musculus domesticus), to elucidate the complex genetic architecture of body weight and growth. Interval mapping identified 17 significant QTLs with main effects on 11 chromosomes. In particular, the main effect of the most potent QTL on proximal chromosome 2 increased linearly with age, whereas other QTLs exerted effects on either the early or late growth period. Surprisingly, although wild mice displayed 60% of the body size of their C57BL/6J counterparts, the wild-derived allele enhanced growth at two QTLs. Interestingly, five of the 17 main-effect QTLs identified had significant epistatic interaction effects. Five new epistatic QTLs with no main effects were identified on different chromosomes or regions. For one pair of epistatic QTLs, mice that were heterozygous for the wild-derived allele at one QTL and homozygous for that allele at another QTL exhibited the most rapid growth in all four possible genotypic combinations. Out of the identified QTLs, several showed significant sex-specific effects.
- Genetical Research
Genetical Research 85(2), 127-137, 2005-08
Cambridge University Press