Effect of Volume Decrease on Fluidization Quality of Fluidized Catalyst Beds Effect of Volume Decrease on Fluidization Quality of Fluidized Catalyst Beds
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The fluidization quality significantly decreased when the reaction involving a decrease in the gas volume was carried out in a fluidized catalyst bed. In the present study, we carried out the hydrogenation of carbon dioxide in a transparent column to observe the bed behavior. When the reaction rate was increased, the fluidity of the emulsion phase decreased and channeling occurred. When the fluidity of the emulsion phase decreased even further, the upper part of the bed was defluidized and this part was lifted up through the column. This phenomenon caused the entrainment of a large amount of catalyst particles from the reactor. We studied the effects of the reduction rate of the gas volume and the maximum gas contraction ratio on the fluidization behavior. The criterion for a stable operation, which could be successfully given by the gas-volume reduction rate, is useful for determining the operating conditions needed to establish good fluidization when the reactions involving a decrease in the gas volume are carried out in a fluidized catalyst bed.
- AIChE Journal
AIChE Journal 52(9), 3210-3215