Clinical Significance of Serum Hepcidin Levels on Early Infectious Complications in Allogeneic Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation
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The association of iron overload with complications of allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) has been suggested in previous studies. Because hepcidin plays a central role in the regulation of iron homeostasis, we analyzed the association between pretransplant serum hepcidin-25 levels and early infectious complications after allogeneic HSCT. We studied 55 consecutive adult patients with a median age of 47 years (range: 20-64 years) who underwent allogeneic HSCT for hematologic malignancies at our institution. Thirty-two patients had myelogenous malignancies; the remaining 23 had lymphogenous malignancies. The median pretransplant serum hepcidin level of patients in the study was 21.6 ng/mL (range: 1.4-371 ng/mL), which was comparable to that of healthy volunteers (median: 19.1 ng/mL [range: 2.3-37 ng/mL]; n = 17). When cumulative incidences of documented bacterial and cytomegalovirus (CMV) infections at day 100 were compared according to pretransplant hepcidin-25 levels, the incidence of bacterial, but not CMV, infection, was significantly higher in the high-hepcidin group (?50 ng/mL; n = 17) than in the low-hepcidin group (<50 ng/mL; n = 38) (65% [95% confidence interval, 38%-82%] versus 11% [3%-23%]; P < .001). This finding was confirmed by multivariate Cox analysis adjusted for confounders, including pretransplant ferritin and C-reactive protein (CRP) levels. No fungal infection was documented in either group. These results suggest that the pretransplant serum hepcidin-25 level may be a useful marker for predicting the risk of early bacterial complications after allogeneic HSCT. Larger prospective studies are, however, warranted to confirm our findings.
- Biology of Blood and Marrow Transplantation
Biology of Blood and Marrow Transplantation 15(8), 956-962, 2009-08