AID-induced decrease in topoisomerase 1 induces DNA structural alteration and DNA cleavage for class switch recombination
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AIDによるクラススイッチの際DNA切断を起こすのはトポイソメラーゼ1であることを発見. 京都大学プレスリリース. 2009-12-08. http://www.kyoto-u.ac.jp/ja/news_data/h/h1/news6/2009/091208_1.htm
To initiate class switch recombination (CSR) activation-induced cytidine deaminase (AID) induces staggered nick cleavage in the S region, which lies 5 to each Ig constant region gene and is rich in palindromic sequences. Topoisomerase 1 (Top1) controls the supercoiling of DNA by nicking, rotating, and religating one strand of DNA. Curiously, Top1 reduction or AID overexpression causes the genomic instability. Here, we report that the inactivation of Top1 by its specific inhibitor camptothecin drastically blocked both the S region cleavage and CSR, indicating that Top1 is responsible for the S region cleavage in CSR. Surprisingly, AID expression suppressed Top1 mRNA translation and reduced its protein level. In addition, the decrease in the Top1 protein by RNA-mediated knockdown augmented the AID-dependent S region cleavage, as well as CSR. Furthermore, Top1 reduction altered DNA structure of the S region. Taken together, AID-induced Top1 reduction alters S region DNA structure probably to non-B form, on which Top1 can introduce nicks but cannot religate, resulting in S region cleavage.
- Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 2009-12-11
National Academy of Sciences