Localization for Linear Stochastic Evolutions
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We consider a discrete-time stochastic growth model on the d-dimensional lattice with non-negative real numbers as possible values per site. The growth model describes various interesting examples such as oriented site/bond percolation, directed polymers in random environment, time discretizations of the binary contact path process. We show the equivalence between the slow population growth and a localization property in terms of "replica overlap". The main novelty of this paper is that we obtain this equivalence even for models with positive probability of extinction at finite time. In the course of the proof, we characterize, in a general setting, the event on which an exponential martingale vanishes in the limit.
- Journal of Statistical Physics
Journal of Statistical Physics 138(4-5), 598-618, 2010-03