利益管理論序説 [in Japanese] Introductory remarks on profit management [in Japanese]
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This paper contains that institutional stage of the historical development on profit management. Especially, focusing to the cross points for standard costing and budgeting process, the most important meanings among the controversies are revealed. On this side, some notable materials from NACA-National Association of Cost Accountants-are required for the best examination of the control concept. Assumptions of standard costs at manufacturing process obtain a smoother induction of budgeting and budgeting as alternatives for standard cost control is more effective. Whenever productive capacity has gone over sales force, emerging idle costs is unavoidable. The beginnings of controlling idle capacity means the early days of profit control differ from cost control.
- Okayama economics review
Okayama economics review 41(4), 229-244, 2010-03