Activation of Bombesin receptor subtype-3 influences activity of orexin neurons by both direct and indirect pathways
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金沢大学医薬保健研究域医学系The neuropeptides orexin A and orexin B (also known as hypocretin 1 and hypocretin 2), produced in lateral hypothalamic neurons, are critical regulators of feeding behavior, the reward system, and sleep/wake states. Orexin-producing neurons (orexin neurons) are regulated by various factors involved in regulation of energy homeostasis and sleep/wakefulness states. Bombesin receptor subtype 3 (BRS3) is an orphan receptor that might be implicated in energy homeostasis and is highly expressed in the hypothalamus. However, the neural pathway by which BRS3 regulates energy homeostasis is largely unknown. We examined whether BRS3 is involved in the regulation of orexin neurons. Using a calcium imaging method, we found that a selective BRS3 agonist [Ac-Phe-Trp-Ala-His-(τBzl)-Nip-Gly-Arg-NH2] increased the intracellular calcium concentration of orexin neurons. However, intracellular recordings from slice preparations revealed that the BRS3 agonist hyperpolarized orexin neurons. The BRS3 agonist depolarized orexin neuron in the presence of tetrodotoxin. Moreover, in the presence of GABA receptor blockers, picrotoxin and CGP55845, the BRS3 agonist induced depolarization and increased firing frequency. Additionally, double-label in situ hybridization study revealed that Brs3 mRNA was expressed in almost all orexin neurons and many cells around these neurons. These findings suggest that the BRS3 agonist indirectly inhibited orexin neurons through GABAergic input and directly activated orexin neurons. Inhibition of activity of orexin neurons through BRS3 might be an important pathway for regulation of feeding and sleep/wake states. This pathway might serve as a novel target for the treatment of obesity. © 2010 Springer Science+Business Media, LLC.
- Journal of Molecular Neuroscience
Journal of Molecular Neuroscience 42(1), 106-111, 2010-09-01
Humana Press (Springer Imprint)