Over-expression of Tfam improves the mitochondrial disease phenotypes in a mouse model system
Access this Article
Search this Article
The phenotypes of mitochondrial diseases caused by mutations in mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) have been proposed to be strictly regulated by the proportion of wild-type and pathogenically mutated mtDNAs. More specifically, it is thought that the onset of the disease phenotype occurs when cells cannot maintain the proper mitochondrial function because of an over-abundance of pathological mtDNA. Therapies that cause a decrease in the pathogenic mtDNA population have been proposed as a treatment for mitochondrial diseases, but these therapies are difficult to apply in practice. In this report, we present a novel concept: to improve mitochondrial disease phenotypes via an increase in the absolute copy number of the wild-type mtDNA population in pathogenic cells even when the relative proportion of mtDNA genotypes remains unchanged. We have succeeded in ameliorating the typical symptoms of mitochondrial disease in a model mouse line by the over-expression of the mitochondrial transcription factor A (Tfam) followed by an increase of the mtDNA copy number. This new concept should lead to the development of a novel therapeutic treatment for mitochondrial diseases.
- Biochemical and biophysical research communications
Biochemical and biophysical research communications 401(1), 26-31, 2010-10-08