表現意図とアクセント核を含むモーラの基本周波数に関する習得研究 : パラ言語的情報の視点から (村松賢一先生退官記念号)  [in Japanese] A Change in Fundamental Frequency and Accent on High Tone Syllables Affecting Speakers' Intensions : From the View Point of Para-Linguistic Information  [in Japanese]

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Abstract

表現意図とアクセント核を含むモーラの基本周波数に関する習得研究を行った。【実験1】「食べない」の文末にノイズをかけ、アクセント核を含むモーラの基本周波数を変えた合成音声を作り、日本語話者25名に勧誘か否定かを同定させた。【実験2】勧誘と否定の表現意図の違いを示したテープを「予備練習」で聞かせた学習者Aグループと、何も聞かせていない学習者Bグループ各5名に実験1と同じ実験を行った。実験1の結果、日本語話者は基本周波数が高い値では勧誘、低い値では否定と判別し、実験2の「予備練習」を行った学習者Aグループも日本語話者と同傾向を示した。研究の結果、日本語話者および「予備練習」を経た日本語学習者は文末イントネーション以外に、アクセント核を含むモーラの基本周波数も表現意図の違いを探る手がかりとして認識した。これにより、表現意図と結びつけた韻律指導の重要性を指摘した。The purpose of this research was to study how the change in pitch of a speaker's accent is associated with different intentions from the view point of para-linguistic information. In stage one, 25 Japanese speakers served as the subjects. They were given stimuli of synthetic speech sounds in which the fundamental frequency of a key syllable was changed. They then subjects identified the intention as either 'invitation' or 'negation'. In the second stage, the same stimuli were given to two groups, each containing five non-native speakers studying Japanese. Before the experiment, Group-A participated in a 'preliminary exercise' in which a tape was played to demonstrate the difference in intonation of 'invitation' or 'negation' etc. The results of the first experiment showed that Japanese speakers identified low pitch with 'negation' and high pitch with 'invitation', and recognized the intention of 'invitation' through the alternation in the pitch of an accent. Likewise in the second experiment, even non-native speakers (Group-A), could recognize the intention of 'invitation' from the pitch even w\ithout intonation at the end of a sentence. This study shows that the acquisition of the perceptive ability to identify a speaker's intention is difficult unless there is the intervention of an instructor.

Journal

  • 言語文化と日本語教育

    言語文化と日本語教育 (27), 64-76, 2004-06

    お茶の水女子大学日本言語文化学研究会

Keywords

Codes

  • NII Article ID (NAID)
    120002836279
  • NII NACSIS-CAT ID (NCID)
    AN10426480
  • Text Lang
    JPN
  • Article Type
    Departmental Bulletin Paper
  • Journal Type
    大学紀要
  • ISSN
    0917-4206
  • NDL Article ID
    025113341
  • NDL Call No.
    Z12-896
  • Data Source
    NDL  IR 
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