Requirement of TCF7L2 for TGF-β-dependent Transcriptional Activation of the TMEPAI Gene
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The TGF-β and Wnt pathways are involved in cell fate and tumorigenicity. A recent report indicated that a TGF-β target gene, TMEPAI (transmembrane prostate androgen-induced RNA), is possibly also a downstream target of Wnt signaling. Although TMEPAI was believed to be involved in tumorigenicity because of its blockage of TGF-β signaling, how TGF-β and Wnt signals affect the activation of the TMEPAI gene is not well understood. Herein, we show that the TMEPAI promoter is regulated synergistically by TGF-β/Smad and Wnt/β-catenin/T cell factor (TCF) 7L2. The critical cis-element for dual signals, termed TGF-β-responsive TCF7L2-binding element (TTE), is located in intron 1 of the TMEPAI gene. TCF7L2, but not Smad proteins, bound to TTE, whereas the disruption of TTE by mutagenesis remarkably counteracted both TGF-β and TCF7L2 responses. The introduction of mutations in critical Smad-binding elements blocked the activation of the TMEPAI promoter by TCF7L2. Furthermore, our DNA-protein interaction experiments revealed the indirect binding of TCF7L2 to Smad-binding elements via Smad3 upon TGF-β stimulation as well as its TGF-β-dependent association with TTE. We demonstrate that the Wnt/β-catenin/TCF7L2 pathway is preferentially able to alter the transcriptional regulation of the TGF-β-target gene, TMEPAI.
- The journal of biological chemistry
The journal of biological chemistry 285(49), 38023-38033, 2010-12
American Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology