Precise and rapid distance measurements by scatterometry
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We found that the distances between isolated scatterers with similar columnar shapes could be measured by taking a single Fourier transform of their diffraction intensity. If the scatterers have different shapes, the distances between similar shapes can be selected from the distances between all the shapes. The distance from a specific scatterer can be measured with a resolution of 0.8 wavelengths and a precision of 0.01 wavelengths. This technique has the potential to be used in a novel optical memory that has a memory density as high as that of holographic memory, while can be fabricated by simple transfer molding. We used rigorous coupled-wave analysis to calculate the diffraction intensity. Some of the results were verified by nonstandard finite-difference time-domain simulations and experiments.
- Optics Express
Optics Express 20(4), 3954-3966, 2012-02
Optical Society of America