Does Caregiver's Social Bonding Enhance the Health of their Children?:The Association between Social Capital and Child Behaviors

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Abstract

Little is known about the association between social capital and child behaviors. This study aims to investigate that association. A complete population-based, cross-sectional survey was conducted for all the caregivers with preschool children in a rural town in Okayama prefecture in Japan. Two dimensionsof individual-level social capital and unhealthy child behaviors were reported by parent-administeredquestionnaire. We analyzed 354 preschool children (57.6% of all children for whom questionnaireswere completed). Children whose main caregiver had high cognitive social capital were 89% less likely to miss breakfast (odds ratio [OR]=0.11;95% confidence interval [CI]:0.01-1.03). Children whose caregiver had high structural social capital were 71% less likely to wake up late (OR=0.29;95% CI:0.12-0.71) and 78% less likely to skip tooth brushing more than once per day (OR=0.22;95% CI:0.05-0.93). Both cognitive and structural social capital were negatively associated with unhealthy child behaviors. A further intervention study is needed to confirm the impact of social capitalon child behavior.

Journal

  • Acta Medica Okayama

    Acta Medica Okayama 66(4), 343-350, 2012-08

    Okayama University Medical School

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