Eicosapentaenoic acid facilitates the folding of an outer membrane protein of the psychrotrophic bacterium, Shewanella livingstonensis Ac10.
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Polyunsaturated fatty acids, such as eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA), are found in various cold-adapted microorganisms. We previously demonstrated that EPA-containing phospholipids (EPA-PLs) synthesized by the psychrotrophic bacterium Shewanella livingstonensis Ac10 support cell division, membrane biogenesis, and the production of membrane proteins at low temperatures. In this article, we demonstrate the effects of EPA-PLs on the folding and conformational transition of Omp74, a major outer membrane cold-inducible protein in this bacterium. Omp74 from an EPA-less mutant migrated differently from that of the parent strain on SDS-polyacrylamide gel, suggesting that EPA-PLs affect the conformation of Omp74 in vivo. To examine the effects of EPA-PLs on Omp74 protein folding, in vitro refolding of recombinant Omp74 was carried out with liposomes composed of 1, 2-dipalmitoleoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphoglycerol and 1, 2-dipalmitoleoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphoethanolamine (1:1molar ratio) with or without EPA-PLs as guest lipids. SDS-PAGE analysis of liposome-reconstituted Omp74 revealed more rapid folding in the presence of EPA-PLs. CD spectroscopy of Omp74 folding kinetics at 4°C showed that EPA-PLs accelerated β-sheet formation. These results suggest that EPA-PLs act as chemical chaperones, accelerating membrane insertion and secondary structure formation of Omp74 at low temperatures.
- Biochemical and biophysical research communications
Biochemical and biophysical research communications 425(2), 363-367, 2012-08-24