Two-Stage Procedures for High-Dimensional Data Two-stage proce-dures for high-dimensional data
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Editor's Special Invited Paper。この招待論文は、Abraham Wald Prize in Sequential Analysis 2012の受賞論文となっております。
In this article, we consider a variety of inference problems for high-dimensional data. The purpose of this article is to suggest directions for future research and possible solutions about p n problems by using new types of two-stage estimation methodologies. This is the first attempt to apply sequential analysis to high-dimensional statistical inference ensuring prespecified accuracy. We offer the sample size determination for inference problems by creating new types of multivariate two-stage procedures. To develop theory and methodologies, the most important and basic idea is the asymptotic normality when p → ∞. By developing asymptotic normality when p → ∞, we first give (a) a given-bandwidth confidence region for the square loss. In addition, we give (b) a two-sample test to assure prespecified size and power simultaneously together with (c) an equality-test procedure for two covariance matrices. We also give (d) a two-stage discriminant procedure that controls misclassification rates being no more than a prespecified value. Moreover, we propose (e) a two-stage variable selection procedure that provides screening of variables in the first stage and selects a significant set of associated variables from among a set of candidate variables in the second stage. Following the variable selection procedure, we consider (f) variable selection for high-dimensional regression to compare favorably with the lasso in terms of the assurance of accuracy and the computational cost. Further, we consider variable selection for classification and propose (g) a two-stage discriminant procedure after screening some variables. Finally, we consider (h) pathway analysis for high-dimensional data by constructing a multiple test of correlation coefficients.
- Sequential analysis
Sequential analysis 30(4), 356-399, 2011-11
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