Successfully Treated Pneumatosis Cystoides Intestinalis with Pneumoperitoneum Onset in a Patient Administered α-glucosidase Inhibitor

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Abstract

An 80-year-old woman, who had been administered α-glucosidase inhibitor for diabetes, was brought to the hospital with the sensation of abdominal fullness and pain. Abdominal computed tomography indicated pneumatosis cystoides intestinalis (PCI) in the small intestinal wall, with free air within the abdomen. A blood examination showed no increases in white blood cells or C-reactive protein level. The patientʼs condition improved with conservative therapy. PCI with pneumoperitoneum induced by α-glucosidase inhibitor is rare, with only 27 cases (excluding the present case) reported in Japan to date. In PCI with pneumoperitoneum, differentiation from gastrointestinal perforation is important and following the clinical symptoms over time is vital.

Journal

  • Acta Medica Okayama

    Acta Medica Okayama 67(2), 123-128, 2013-04

    Okayama University Medical School

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