SENSITIVE DETERMINATION OF ACETONITRILE AND PROPIONITRILE IN HUMAN WHOLE BLOOD BY HEADSPACE CAPILLARY GAS CHROMATOGRAPHY WITH CRYOGENIC OVEN TRAPPING

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Abstract

We have developed a simple and sensitive method for determining acetonitrile and propionitrile in human whole blood using capillary gas chromatography (GC) with cryogenic oven trapping. After heating 0.5 ml of a whole blood sample containing both nitriles and 0.5 ml of distilled water in a 7-ml vial at 75℃ for 15 min, 5 ml of the headspace vapor was drawn into a 10-ml syringe and injected to GC with a flame thermionic detector. A sharp peak was obtained for acetonitrile at -10℃ of the initial oven temperature. The extraction efficiencies for acetonitrile and propionitrile were 0.27 and 0.40%, respectively. For quantitation of acetonitrile, propionitrile was used as internal standard, and vise versa. The calibration curves for both compounds gave good linearity in the range of 0.2-6 μg/ml whole blood. The detection limits (signal to noise ratio = 3) were 0.05μg/ml for acetonitrile and 0.01μg/ml for propionitrile. The coefficients of intra-day variations were 1.0% at 0.4μg/ml and 1.7% at 2μg/ml for acetonitrile; 7.1% at 0.4μg/m1 and 1.0 % at 2μg/ml for propionitrile. This method can be applicable for determining these nitriles in whole blood samples in acute and chronic intoxication cases.

Journal

  • 法中毒 = Japanese journal of forensic toxicology

    法中毒 = Japanese journal of forensic toxicology 23(1), 37-40, 2005-01-31

    日本法中毒学会

Codes

  • NII Article ID (NAID)
    120005314067
  • Text Lang
    ENG
  • Article Type
    journal article
  • ISSN
    0915-9606
  • Data Source
    IR 
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