Topographic representation of an occluded object and the effects of spatiotemporal context in human early visual areas.
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モノの背後を見る脳の仕組みを解明 -視対象の部分像から全体像を復元する第1次視覚野の活動をfMRIで観察-. 京都大学プレスリリース. 2013-10-23.
Occlusion is a primary challenge facing the visual system in perceiving object shapes in intricate natural scenes. Although behavior, neurophysiological, and modeling studies have shown that occluded portions of objects may be completed at the early stage of visual processing, we have little knowledge on how and where in the human brain the completion is realized. Here, we provide functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) evidence that the occluded portion of an object is indeed represented topographically in human V1 and V2. Specifically, we find the topographic cortical responses corresponding to the invisible object rotation in V1 and V2. Furthermore, by investigating neural responses for the occluded target rotation within precisely defined cortical subregions, we could dissociate the topographic neural representation of the occluded portion from other types of neural processing such as object edge processing. We further demonstrate that the early topographic representation in V1 can be modulated by prior knowledge of a whole appearance of an object obtained before partial occlusion. These findings suggest that primary "visual" area V1 has the ability to process not only visible or virtually (illusorily) perceived objects but also "invisible" portions of objects without concurrent visual sensation such as luminance enhancement to these portions. The results also suggest that low-level image features and higher preceding cognitive context are integrated into a unified topographic representation of occluded portion in early areas.
- The Journal of neuroscience : the official journal of the Society for Neuroscience
The Journal of neuroscience : the official journal of the Society for Neuroscience 33(43), 16992-17007, 2013-10-23
The Society for Neuroscience