移民の軍務と市民権 : 1997年以前グルカ兵の英国定住権獲得をめぐる電子版新聞紙上の論争と対立  [in Japanese] Military Service and Citizenship of Immigrants : Argument and Confrontation about Pre-1997 Gurkhas' Acquisition of Right of Settlement as Developed in Electronic Newspapers  [in Japanese]

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Abstract

本稿は,2000 年代後半の西欧社会における移民の市民権と軍務との結びつきについて明らかにするために,香港返還より前に英国陸軍を退役したネパール人兵士(1997 年以前グルカ兵)による英国定住権獲得の事例を取り上げ,その要因と意義について検討した。材料として用いた電子版新聞紙上では,グルカ兵についての国民的記憶が喚起され,英国社会の構成と道徳性,財政支出や移民政策の是非が論じられた。また,総選挙を約1 年以内に控えていたことから政局とも連動し,政治家たちは論争を利用して労働党政府を攻撃した。その結果,政府は定住権を認めざるを得なくなった。軍務と市民権の結びつきを規定するのは,武力衝突に至るような対外的な安全保障リスクや徴兵制の有無ばかりではない。本稿は,国内の政治的状況や移民の大量流入に対する市民の懸念,市民権概念の変容といった対内的な要因についても注目する必要があると指摘した。

This paper examines the factors for the acquisition of right of settlementin the United Kingdom by Gurkha soldiers who retired before the handoverof Hong Kong (known as pre-1997 Gurkhas) and its significance, in order toclarify the link between citizenship and military service in a Western societyin the latter half of the 2000s. The arguments in electronic newspapersinvoked the national memory of the Gurkhas, and examined the constitutionand morality of British society, financial policy, immigration policy, and soon. Furthermore, the arguments were interlocked with the political situationat the time, in which a general election was expected within about a year, sosome politicians of opposition parties used the Gurkha issue as ammunitionto attack the government. Finally, the government was obliged to bestow theright to settle in the UK on pre-1997 Gurkhas. It is not only external securityrisks, possibly leading to armed conflict, or a conscription system that determinethe link between military service and citizenship. I have pointed out thatwe also pay attention to internal factors such as the domestic political situation,changes in the citizenship concept and citizens' concern about a massinflow of immigrants.

Journal

  • 国立民族学博物館研究報告

    国立民族学博物館研究報告 38(4), 555-605, 2014

    National Museum of Ethnology

Codes

  • NII Article ID (NAID)
    120005428704
  • NII NACSIS-CAT ID (NCID)
    AN00091943
  • Text Lang
    JPN
  • Article Type
    departmental bulletin paper
  • ISSN
    0385-180X
  • NDL Article ID
    025485527
  • NDL Call No.
    Z8-1298
  • Data Source
    NDL  IR 
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