A method for large-scale synthesis of Al-doped TiO2 nanopowder using pulse-modulated induction thermal plasmas with time-controlled feedstock feeding
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A unique method of large-scale synthesis of Al-doped TiO2 nanopowder was developed, using 20kW Ar-O2 pulse-modulated induction thermal plasmas (PMITP) with time-controlled feedstock feeding (TCFF). This PMITP-TCFF method is characterized by intermittent feedstock powder feeding synchronized with modulation of the power of the PMITP. The method enables heavy-load feeding of raw material powder to the thermal plasmas for complete evaporation. The nanopowder synthesized was analysed using different methods including field emission scanning electron microscopy, x-ray diffraction (XRD) spectroscopy, bright-field transmission electron microscopy (TEM), TEM/energy dispersive x-ray (EDX) mapping, x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, and spectrophotometry. The results showed that Al-doped TiO2 nanopowder can be synthesized with mean diameters of 50-60nm. The Al doping in TiO 2 was confirmed from the constituent structure in the XRD spectra, the uniform presence of Al in the nanopowder in the TEM/EDX mapping, the chemical shift in the x-ray photoelectron spectra, and the absorption edge shift in the optical properties. The rate of production of the Al-doped TiO 2 nanopowder was estimated as 400gh-1. © 2014 IOP Publishing Ltd.
- Journal of Physics D: Applied Physics
Journal of Physics D: Applied Physics 47(19), 195304, 2014-05-14
Institute of Physics Publishing