健康教室に参加する一般高齢者のヘルスリテラシーと運動能力および動脈硬化指標 [in Japanese] Health literacy, physical function, and atherosclerosis in the elderly [in Japanese]
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BACKGROUND: Recognition of the importance of health literacy, defined as an individual's knowledge and ability to obtain health information and services, has recently increased. This study was conducted in order to determine the association among health literacy, various physical functions, and development of atherosclerosis in the elderly. METHODS: Forty-six participants from a health promotion program for the elderly were included in this study. Handgrip and muscular strength of the lower extremities, one-leg standing time with eyes open and closed, and 3-m Timed up and go and functional reach tests were evaluated as physical functions. The brachial-ankle pulse wave velocity and ankle-brachial index were tested as indices of atherosclerosis. Health literacy was scored using the Japanese Health Knowledge Test. RESULTS: Health literacy was significantly associated with Timed up and go (r = 0.437, p = 0.048). Regression analysis showed a significant model with the Japanese Health Knowledge Test, which predicted Timed up and go (standardized beta = −0.380, adjusted R2 = 0.173, p = 0.032). Both of the brachial-ankle pulse wave velocity and ankle-brachial index were not associated with physical functions and health literacy. CONCLUSIONS: Health literacy was significantly associated with 3-m Timed up and go. As these results indicated that health literacy can affect physical functions, health literacy should be considered in program of health promotion for the elderly.
総合保健体育科学 35(1), 29-33, 2012