NICUに入院した子どもの母親の対児感情と母性意識の変化と特徴 : 入院時から退院後1年間における変化と満期産児の母親との比較 [in Japanese] Changes and characteristics of maternal consciousness and feelings toward babies among mothers of infants admitted to Neonatal Intensive Care Unit : A comparison of mothers of full-term infants from the time of hospitalization to one year after discharge [in Japanese]
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The aim of this study was to determine changes in maternal consciousness and feelings toward babies admitted to Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (NICU) , and to compare their characteristics with mothers who had given birth to full-term infants. Two scales were used in this study : (1) a rating scale of feelings toward babies based on a measurement of approach and avoidance, and (2) a maternal consciousness scale that measured infant care, childcare rejection, complications, and growth. Data was collected three times : during hospitalization, three months after discharge, and one year after discharge. 1) Mothers of NICU infants were significantly less likely to approach their infants during hospitalization than mothers of full-term infant births with a positive correlation with the number of weeks of pregnancy lacking for a full-term birth. However, after hospital discharge, the degree to which mothers of NICU infants approached their infants increased. After one year, there was no correlation with weeks of pregnancy, and the previous difference with full-term infant births became indistinguishable. 2) Growth scores for NICU infants of mothers who had been discharged were significantly lower when compared with those during hospitalization. Furthermore, a correlation between infant growth and employment was found among mothers after hospital discharge. Infant care scores of mothers of NICU infants were significantly lower for mothers who were having their first child. For mothers of infants admitted to NICU, especially for mothers giving birth for the first time or being hospitalized for the first time, it is important for nurses to encourage a mutual exchange between mother and infant while also ensuring that the mother recovers psychologically.
- 北海道医療大学看護福祉学部学会誌 = Journal of School of Nursing and Social Services, Health Sciences University of Hokkaido
北海道医療大学看護福祉学部学会誌 = Journal of School of Nursing and Social Services, Health Sciences University of Hokkaido 3(1), 7-14, 2007-03-31